The dosimetric effect of residual breath-hold motion in pencil beam scanned proton therapy - An experimental study.

Forfattere Gorgisyan J, Lomax AJ, Rosenschold PMA, Persson GF, Krieger M, Colvill E, Scherman J, Gagnon-Moisan F, Egloff M, Fattori G, Engelholm SA, Weber DC, Perrin R.
Kilde Radiother Oncol. 2019 May;134:135-142 Publiceringsdato 14 feb 2019


Background and purpose: Motion management in the treatment of lung cancer is necessary to assure highest quality of the delivered radiation therapy. In this study, the breath-hold technique is experimentally investigated for pencil beam scanned (PBS) proton therapy, with respect to the dosimetric effect of residual breath-hold motion.

Material and methods: Three-dimensional (3D)-printed tumours extracted from CT scans of three patients were inserted into a dynamic anthropomorphic breathing phantom. The target was set up to move with the individual patient's tumour motion during breath-hold as previously assessed on fluoroscopy. Target dose was measured with radio-chromic film, and both single field uniform dose (SFUD) and intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) plans were delivered. Experiments were repeated for each patient without any motion, to compute the relative dose deviation between static and breath-hold cases.

Results: SFUD plans showed small dose deviations between static and breath-hold cases, as evidenced by the gamma pass rate (3%, 3 mm) of 85% or higher. Dose deviation was more evident for IMPT plans, with gamma pass rate reduced to 50-70%.

Conclusions: The breath-hold technique is robust to residual intra-breath-hold motion for SFUD treatment plans, based on our experimental study. IMPT was less robust with larger detected dose deviations.